Orthodontics – is a branch of dentistry that specializes in the diagnosis , prevention and treatment of dentofacial anomalies (malocclusion).
It should say that at the moment thanks to the advanced world technology orthodontics can pretty much. Modern highly qualified orthodontic treatment can give a beautiful smile to almost anyone regardless of age and severity of the problem. Should only apply to the orthodontist.
Occlusion — relationship dentition with a dense and full interdigitation of the upper and lower jaws.
Malocclusion - deviations from the normal dentition relationship of the upper and lower jaws . However, many teeth are not in contact with opposing teeth by closing the jaws.
Open bite – an anomaly, characterized by the fact that a certain group of teeth, often only the front, not in contact, between them there is a vertical gap greater or lesser magnitude and extent.
Deep bite – an anomaly in which there is an increase of overlap upper front (anterior) teeth lower by more than 1/3 of the crown while maintaining cutting contact.
Distal bite – an anomaly, a key feature of which is considered to be external or overly developed upper jaw or lower underdeveloped, or both, resulting in the dentition by closing the upper front teeth are abnormally pushed forward towards the bottom.
Mesial bite – an anomaly, which is characterized by a forward position of the mandible in relation to the top. That is a given malocclusion or overdeveloped lower jaw, or upper, contrast, underdeveloped, or both together.
Why is it necessary to align teeth and correct malocclusion?
First, misaligned teeth make your smile ugly and beautiful smile is so important for communication, normal adaptation in society, self-confidence and success in life. You know it without us.
But what you may not know:
Abnormal occlusion leads to overload of certain teeth, in the future could lead to their loss. Nature was designed to teeth closed up evenly, equally sharing the chewing load. This is only possible under normal bite. If malocclusion, some teeth underloaded and others overloaded. Both are bad for teeth. According to statistics, expressed in violation of closing the teeth, the likelihood of their earlier losses are much greater. rooked teeth are more prone to tooth decay, fall between them food particles causes diseases of the teeth and gums. This is clear, because, even with the great efforts it is impossible to clean well heavily crowded teeth. Malocclusion does not normally chew food, which leads to disorders of the functions of the digestive system and ill health. Finally, malocclusion causes problems with dentures in case of loss of teeth with age. Although, of course, so far ahead no one not like to look.
How to understand whether I(or my child) need orthodontic treatment?
Most of our patients seek orthodontic care for obvious aesthetic reasons ("misaligned teeth"). In this case, do not need much explanation. If you do not like the look of your teeth or your child's teeth, please ask, and we'll fix it. It is more difficult when the teeth relatively flat, but there is malocclusion (abnormal ratio of upper and lower jaws to each other). In such cases, patients rarely seek treatment on their own initiative, and more in the direction of a dentist. If your dentist recommends that you consult orthodontist , then he is competent and attentive doctor really and he cared about the state of your (your child's) teeth. So tell him thank you and come to us. If all goes well, we are happy to inform you about it, but more often in such cases, the problem still exists and better "catch" it at an earlier stage.
At what age is best to start orthodontic treatment?
If we talk about the treatment of adolescents, the best age is 11-13 years, when there is maximum growth, giving a unique opportunity for orthodontic treatment. When treating patients over 14 years to obtain good results often require the removal of teeth (see below). Using braces, you can successfully make right occlusion in adult patients (up to 50-60 years). The main thing is to keep your teeth and their condition was more or less satisfactory. Before the change of all milk teeth at permanent (average age 11) for treatment, usually used removable appliances ("plates").
Plate - is the removable device, which, depending on the design, can be worn only at night or whole day. They perform different functions, including such important as changing the width of the mouth root and the shape of the jaw bones. The plate is made individually, molds, and remains on the teeth on a thin wire hooks. While eating and brushing it can be removed, and then again put on. Straightening crooked teeth in a plate mounted with arch wire, loop and springs, and you can extend the jaw - between the halves of the plate inserted extends screw. To make them more attractive for the child, they are made of colored plastic. After the eruption of the most permanent teeth (over the age of 11-12 years), removable appliances, as a rule, does not bring satisfactory results. From this moment, the main treatment is a bracket system.
Bracket system – fixed orthodontic appliances, which consists of a supporting part - rings and braces, they are left on the teeth and the active part of the arcs, allowing the movement of the teeth in three planes. Worldwide treatment with braces actively practice for several decades. In our country this branch of orthodontics, has started to develop about ten years ago and became very popular among both doctors and patients due to the high efficiency. Bracket-system usually consists of a special rings or castles, which are fixed on the sixth teeth, braces themselves and thin metal arc connecting them.
Braces – orthodontic element, glued to the front surface of the tooth to hold the arc. It can be metal, plastic, ceramic, sapphire, gold, or fluorescent.
Types of braces: metal, sapphire, ceramic, lingual.